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To be honest, what comes to mind when you think of Barcelona? Is that the name of the genius of Spanish architecture Antoni Gaudi or are you thinking of La Sagrada Familia? Perhaps you have already had the opportunity to visit the Catalan capital and get to know the buildings and works of art by Antoni Gaudi up close. Or maybe you're just planning to travel there and admire these architectural marvels on the spot? In any case, some additional information about the most famous Spanish architect and his ingenious buildings can only be useful. Today we want to introduce you to the icon of Spanish architecture. Antoni Gaudi is known worldwide as the revolutionary representative of Modernisme Catala and as an anarchist of architecture. For art critics and tourists, however, it is clear that his works have had a strong and lasting influence on the architecture of Barcelona.
Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926) is a genius of modernist architecture.
Antonio Gaudi was born in 1852 in Reus, Catalonia. As a child he spent a lot of time in his father's workshop, who was a boilermaker just like his grandfather and great-grandfather. There he developed a good understanding of space and volume early on, which served as the basis for his later work.
Unfortunately, Antoni Gaudi was disabled due to a rheumatic disease and was therefore unable to play with his siblings and other children. For this reason he looked more at nature and developed a good understanding of its beauty and harmony. This was later reflected in his buildings.
Gaudi began his studies at the architecture school in Barcelona at the age of 21, graduating in 1878. Already during his studies he convinced with his ingenuity and particularly interesting designs. The director of the architecture school commented on his diploma with the following words: "I don't know whether we gave the title to a madman or to a genius, time will tell".
The Director was absolutely right! Today, Gaudi's works clearly speak of his genius.
Even as a student, the genius worked for various architectural offices in Barcelona. But after graduating, his extraordinary career really took off and he knew how to assert himself as an architect. In 1878 he met the industrialist Eusebi Güell, who became his patron and patron. The talented architect received numerous commissions from him, which he carried out ingeniously. That was the time of great buildings. With the financial support of Güell, Antoni Gaudi created important works of art that today are not only among the most interesting sights of the Catalan capital. They belong to the world cultural heritage. For example, Park Güell and six other works by Gaudi were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984 and attract millions of tourists to Barcelona every year. Because everyone wants to see and admire Gaudi's architectural legacy.
Gaudi has demonstrated his artistic talent in every building.
Gaudi's architectural style and his most important works
As a young architect, Antoni Gaudi was inspired by the Gothic Revival, which was the dominant architectural style of the time. But his originality and boundless imagination got him through this phase quickly. He turned to modernism, where he felt in his element. The diverse colors from nature and the geometric shapes appealed strongly to Gaudi. In his works he expressed the beauty of nature and his fascination with it. As is often the case with many brilliant artists, Gaudi was not fully understood by his contemporaries and was often criticized. It was only after his death in 1926 that the peculiar charm of his buildings was discovered and Antoni Gaudi was declared the undisputed genius of Spanish architecture. We present some of his famous buildings below:
La Sagrada Familia is without a doubt the most famous building by the brilliant architect
A unique building rises up in the middle of Barcelona and attracts everyone's attention. This is the grandiose Sagrada Familia (The Holy Family). In 1882 construction work began here and Antoni Gaudi took over the construction management. The building was his permanent residence and he dedicated his whole life to this project. The Basilica of La Sagrada Familia is undoubtedly his life's work. your upward protruding Shapes best reflect the architect's artistic vision. The building combines several architectural styles. Detailed biblical stories can be seen on its facade, spindle-like towers reach up to the sky. After his death in 1926, the ingenious creator was buried in the crypt of La Sagrada Familia. The imposing building has remained unfinished to this day. Completion should be completed on the 100th anniversary of Gaudi's death.
The architectural monument La Sagrada Familia is rightly the symbol of Barcelona today.
Casa Vicens was commissioned by we althy stockbroker Manuel Vicens.
That was Gaudi's first major independent work.
Casa Calvet was built between 1898 and 1904. The residential and commercial building is considered Gaudi's most conventional building.
However, this is the only Gaudi building to have received an official award.
Casa de los Botines is now a museum. The figure of Saint George, the dragon slayer can be seen on the facade.
Saint George is the patron saint of Barcelona and Catalonia.
Palau Güell - numerous imaginative shapes and motifs decorate the building.
The interior view is just as impressive.
Antoni Gaudi designed the bishop's palace in Astorga in the neo-Gothic style.
The convent school of the Theresian nuns - a building by Antoni Gaudi.
Casa Batllo was built between the years 1904-1906…
and is built in the Modernisme Catala style (Catalan Modernism style).
Park Güell was created by Antoni Gaudi between 1900 and 1914.
This is the second largest attraction in Barcelona after the church of La Sagrada Familia and is visited by around 3 million tourists every year.
In the Casa Mila, the walls can be changed individually.
The building was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984 as the first building of the 20th century.